So, the French fled, and destroyed Fort St. Frederic rather than give it up to the large British force of 10,000 men. The British preferred a site slightly farther back from the water. Possibly because they needed a bigger fort, and possibly because there were natural rock formations that allowed them to construct the trenches partially of bedrock.
This was a star-shaped fort with five bastions.
The earthworks enclosed nearly five acres of land, barracks were constructed for 500 men, officers and enlisted soldiers.
This looks over the soldiers' barracks to take in the Adirondacks, across Bulwagga Bay on Lake Champlain.
We wondered why the soldiers' barracks had fireplaces and the officers' didn't. That didn't seem to make much sense. Then we found another interpretive sign that explained the officers had stoves, and tile floors.
And this view is east, toward Prince Edward's Bastion, with the modern bridge beyond. You can see the exposed bedrock forming the outer wall of the trench, called the revetement. You can see some work is being done to stabilize the inner wall, the scarp.
This fort is considered one of the finest remaining examples of an early British Colonial fort. It was in full use until 1773 when a chimney fire in the soldiers' barracks spread to the armory and blew up the powder magazine. Part of the timber fort walls also burned. Only a small force remained on the site after that, and the fort was surrendered to the Americans, under Seth Warner, in 1775.
I really will get there to see a reenactment one of these years!
|See Fort St. Frederic|
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